The dragonfruit, also called pitaya or pitahaya, originated from the South American forest cactus (hy-locereus monacanthus). Pitayas can either be red or yellow. The red pitaya has white fruit pulp with many small black pits. After harvest, the pitayas are dried in slices. A total of 90 kilos of fresh fruit are required for the production of 1 kilo of dried dragonfruit slices. The taste is reminiscent of kiwis; it is sweet but complemented by a hint of dried figs.
Dragonfruit are pressure-sensitive and therefore easily damaged during transport. Thailand exports this fruit by air the entire year around. Nicaragua, China, Vietnam and Israel also grow dragonfruit.